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Xadean's Empirical Musing > Posts > AD FS “Bad Request” Error After Updating Token-Decrypting and Token-Signing Certificates
February 04
AD FS “Bad Request” Error After Updating Token-Decrypting and Token-Signing Certificates


  • Active Directory Federation Service (AD FS) role configured on Windows 2012 R2 Active Directory Directory Services (AD DS) Domain Controller (DC)
  • WAP 2012 R2 (not domain joined)
  • Office 365 tenant subscription w/ on-premises AD synchronizing a federated domain


Error: When trying to authenticate to Office 365, getting a "bad request" error message after entering credentials in AD FS FBA form.


Cause: Experienced the preceding error after certificate changes in the AD FS farm.



  • AD FS service (adfssrv) hangs in starting state when an AD Group Managed Service account is assigned 'Log On As' (Reference AD Grp Managed Svc Accounts:
    • The resolution to get the AD FS service to start is to change the Microsoft Key Distribution Service (KdsSvc) from Manual (Trigger Start) to Automatic (Trigger Start) with the following command from an elevated command prompt:

      sc triggerinfo kdssvc start/networkon


  • Able to authenticate to test URL (, but not to O365.


Resolution: Need to update ws-fed after any certificate changes in AD FS farm using the following prescribed steps.

Open Windows PowerShell and execute these commands:

Add-PSSnapin Microsoft.Adfs.Powershell


#PS command to re-enable AutoCertificateRollover

Set-AdfsProperties -AutoCertificateRolover $true


#PS command to verify properties



# PS command to immediately generate new self-signed certifactes

Update-AdfsCertificate -Urgent


#CMD prompt command to query kdssvc service

sc qtriggerinfo kdssvc


#CMD prompt command to change the kdssvc to automatic and trigger on network connection

sc triggerinfo kdssvc start/networkon


# To update ws-fed after changing ADFS certificates

When using Windows Azure Active Directory Module for Windows PowerShell, run the following command:




Update-MsolFederatedDomain -DomainName (replace with your federated domain name)

Get-MsolFederationProperty -DomainName


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 on 2/17/2017 10:19 PM


 on 3/7/2017 8:24 PM

Re: AD FS “Bad Request” Error After Updating Token-Decrypting and Token-Signing Certificates

 on 4/7/2017 2:44 AM


 on 4/14/2017 3:31 AM

 on 4/14/2017 8:29 AM

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 on 4/19/2017 5:14 AM

Re: AD FS “Bad Request” Error After Updating Token-Decrypting and Token-Signing Certificates

clinging to them. She made a little rush toward him, and, as one of his feet rested on the iron step of the machine, in mounting, she began to clean the snow from his shoe with her almost aerial lace handkerchief. "You mustn't catch cold!" she cried. "Stop that!" George shouted, and furiously withdrew his foot. "Then stamp the snow off," she begged. "You mustn't ride with wet feet." "They're not!" George roared, thoroughly outraged. "For heaven's sake get in! You're standing in the snow yourself. Get in!" Isabel consented, turning to Morgan, whose habitual expression of apprehensiveness was somewhat accentuated. He climbed up after her, George Amberson having gone to the other side. "You're the same Isabel I used to know!" he said in a low voice. "You're a divinely ridiculous woman." "Am I, Eugene?" she said, not displeased. "'Divinely' and 'ridiculous' just counterbalance each other, don't they? Plus one and minus one equal nothing; so you mean I'm nothing in particular?" "No," he answered, tugging at a lever. "That doesn't seem to be precisely what I meant. There!" This exclamation referred to the subterranean machinery, for dismaying sounds came from beneath the floor, and the vehicle plunged, then rolled noisily forward. "Behold!" George Amberson exclaimed. "She does move! It must be another accident." "Accident?" Morgan shouted over the din. "No! She breathes, she stirs; she seems to feel a thrill of life along her keel!" And he began to sing "The Star Spangled Banner." Amberson joined him lustily, and sang on when Morgan stopped. The twilight sky cleared, discovering a round moon already risen; and the musical congressman hailed this bright presence with the complete text and melody of "The Danube River." His nephew, behind, was gloomy. He had overheard his mother's conversation with the inventor: it seemed curious to him that this Morgan, of whom he had never heard until last night, should be using the name "Isabel" so easily; and George felt that it was not just the thing for his mother to call Morgan "Eugene;" the resentment of the previous night came upon George again. Meanwhile, his mother and Morgan continued their talk; but he could no longer hear what they said; the noise toms shoes outlet of the car and his uncle's songful mood prevented. He marked how animated Isabel seemed; it was not strange to see his mother so gay, but it was strange that a man not of the family should be the cause of her gaiety. And George sat frowning. Fanny Minafer had begun to talk to Lucy. "Your father wanted to prove that his horseless carriage would run, even in the snow," she said. "It really does, too." "Of course!" "It's so interesting! He's been telling us how he's going to change it. He says he's going to have wheels all made of rubber and blown up with air. I don't understand what he means at all; I should think they'd explode—but Eugene seems to be very confident. He always was confident, though. It seems so like old times to hear him talk!" She became thoughtful, and Lucy turned to George. "You tried to swing underneath me and break the fall for me when we went over," she said. "I knew you were doing that, and—it was nice of you."

ppst  2017.4.28
 on 4/27/2017 11:18 PM

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